Electric Vehicle glossary of terms | LEVC


Learn about the common terms & acronyms relating to electric vehicles

CCS – Combined Charging System – Plug and socket connectors which enable drivers to restore battery power either in their homes or at a public charging point.

CHAdeMO – A tethered connector to restore battery power. The new electric taxi includes a port suitable for CHAdeMO connectors, although they are gradually becoming less common in favour of CCS connectors.

ECU – Electronic Control Unit, the embedded systems that control the electrical systems and subsystems of a vehicle. The new electric taxi has 40 more ECUs.

ERAD – Electric Rear Axle Drive, the main drivetrain component of the new electric taxi

E-REV – Extended Range Electric Vehicle, i.e. a form of plug-in hybrid model capable of operating solely through electric power.

EV – Electric vehicle, i.e. an automobile that uses one or more electric motors for propulsion.

FX Series – The original line of motorised London taxis, which began with the FX3 in 1948 and ended in 1997.

ISO 10542 – International regulatory standard governing the restraint of wheelchairs and their users whilst travelling in a commercial vehicle. The comprehensive restraint system of the new electric taxi meets the standard for ISO 10542, with four accessible secure points and tie-down straps provided.

London Taxi Company (LTC) / London Electric Vehicle Company (LEVC) – The former and present name of the automotive engineering company which has designed, developed and produced taxicabs for London and internationally since 1899.

OBC – On-Board Charger, the mobile device included with all versions of the new electric taxi to recharge the vehicle’s lithium-ion battery.

Pure EV – Driving mode which uses only electric power.

Range extender – the petrol-fuelled engine that works in partnership with the new taxi’s electric motor to extend the possible range up to 400 miles.

Save – Driving mode which uses only the range-extending petrol engine, conserving battery power.

Smart mode – The default driving mode of the new electric taxi, which automatically decides the most efficient way of using battery power and the range-extending petrol engine.

TCO – Total Cost of Ownership

TX Series – The newer series of London taxis which replaced the FX models, starting with the TX1 in 1997. The newly-released electric taxi is the fifth in the series, replacing the TX4.

WAV – Wheelchair Accessible Vehicle

ZEC – Zero Emission Capable. From 1 January 2018, taxis presented for licensing in London will need to be ZEC. This means having CO2 emissions of no more than 50g/km and a minimum 30 mile zero emission range.